E Waste Disposal Agreement
Among the following links, you will find more information about the EPA`s work in the field of electrical waste and used electronic management: electrical and electronic devices when they become waste (e-waste), such as personal computers, printers, televisions, mobile phones, refrigerators and air conditioning systems, are now among the fastest growing waste streams in the world. Training Workshops for improving the capacity of the contracting parties to ecologically dispose of electrical waste In the Chachoengsao Agricultural District, east of Bangkok, villagers had lost their main source of water due to the dumping of electrical waste. The cassava fields were redeveloped at the end of 2017, when a nearby Chinese plant began installing foreign electrical waste products such as crushed computers, circuit boards and cables for recycling, in order to recover electronics for precious metal components such as copper, silver and gold. The objects also contain lead, cadmium and mercury, which are highly toxic if treated poorly during processing. In addition to feeling weak due to harmful fumes emitted during treatment, a local resident said the plant had also polluted their water. “When it rained, the water would pass through the garbage heap and pass in front of our house and go into the soil and water system. Water tests conducted in the province by the environmental group Earth and the local government both found toxic concentrations of iron, manganese, lead, nickel and, in some cases, arsenic and cadmium. “Communities were watching when they were using water from the flat well, there was some development of skin diseases or there are bad smells,” said Earth founder Penchom Saetang. “This is proof that it is true, as the communities suspected, that there were problems with their water sources.”  In 2010, the EPA provided funding to the United Nations University (UNU) for the assessment of electrical waste in Ethiopia. The evaluation was carried out by the German Oeko Institute. Based on the results, the Global Environment Fund (GEF) has invested $1 million in a project to strengthen Ethiopia`s capacity to manage electrical waste. This was the GEF`s first investment in the e-waste issue.
The EPA and GEF projects build on a previous initiative, funded by the World Bank, to strengthen Ethiopia`s information and communication technology (ICT) sector. Electrical or electrical waste is wasted from discarded electrical or electronic equipment. Used electronics, intended for reclamation, reuse, resale, recycling of recovery by recovery or disposal of waste, is also considered to be an electrical waste. The informal transformation of electrical waste in developing countries can have negative effects on human health and environmental pollution. One of the main challenges is recycling circuit boards from electronic waste. The circuit boards contain metals such as gold, silver, platinum, etc. and base metals such as copper, iron, aluminum, etc. One way to deal with electronic waste is to merge the circuit boards, burn cable sheaths to retrieve copper wire, and dissociate the open acid to separate valuable metals.  The traditional method is mechanical grinding and separation, but recycling efficiency is low.